Essex County Council - Provider Hub
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Essex is one of the largest counties in England with a population of nearly 1.5 million, and which is growing by around 10,000 people every year.

Essex Adult Population Increase From 2020 to 2035 By Age

According to Office of National Statistics the population of Essex people aged 65+ was 311,300 in 2020 this equals to 21% of total Essex population, and the estimates indicate this group will increase by additional 27% by 2035 to approximately 394,600 people.

Essex population of people aged 65+ is slightly higher than England average which is 18.6%, and across the nation 11% of adults 65+ are still in employment.

The working age adult population is 58% of the whole Essex population, and by 2035 it is estimated to be 900,300 this is an increase of only 4% compared to 2020.

Our 85+ population will grow by an additional 24,800 adults in the next 15 years, and we know from previous research that this group of people tend to require more care with much more complex needs.

The level of growth will present challenges in respect of expanding public service infrastructure to support a larger population. Importantly for Adult Social Care the key challenge will be in meeting the care needs of an older population that is expected to grow at a faster rate than the working age group and placing greater demand on care and support services.

Essex County Council is supporting 15,860 adults through a variety of social care funded services, over the last 2 years we saw a drop in nursing and residential care as the sector navigated its way through the continually changing landscape of the pandemic. This will mean that as we begin to work through the fallout of the pandemic, we will be dealing with a backlog of un-met care needs.

The Percentage of Population & People Supported By ECC

28% of total Essex population of adults 65+ are receiving social care services, and we are supporting proportionally more woman than the general population. (51.1%)

Female Male
58.8% 41.2%

The amount of people we provide services to by ethnicity is in proportion to the wider population of the county. (94% white and 4.2% BAME)

White BAME
94.0% 3.6%

The below table showing Essex supported adults by their primary support reasons:

Primary Support Reason Number of Adults
Physical Support 8913
Learning Disability Support 3689
Support with memory and cognition 1209
Mental Health support 1098
Sensory Support 297
Social support 276
Other 288

In Essex we supported 11,764 people through reablement services to help them regain their independence and 68% of adults following reablement no longer require services.

In 2020 we saw a huge increase in the Carers support this went up to 9,330 from 4,880 in the previous year, and 6.8% of the Carers received a Direct Payment.

17% of adults in Essex report that they have a long-term health problem or disability, and Dementia more common and increasing. In 2020 we supported 1,740 adults with dementia, memory or cognition needs.

Data from national statistics shows that adults that fund their own care pay 41% than people receive funded services through local authority, and 25% of the self-funders will become eligible for local authority support because their funds will be depleted.

The table showing the scale of self-funder across the nation.

Region Percentage of self-funders
England 41%
North-East 18%
North -West 36%
Yorkshire and the Humber 42%
East Midlands 43%
West Midlands 39%
East of England 45%
Greater London 30%
South-East 54%
South-West 49%
Wales 24%
Scotland 30%

The scale of the unpaid carers is growing very fast, and over the past 2 years has escalated enormously. From the previous census data, we know that 1 in 8 people in England are an unpaid carer, and for Essex it shows that nearly 200,000 people are unpaid carers this is 14% of the Essex population.

We know from the point of admission to residential care 48% of older people said that an informal carer was unable to continue the care, and this equating to around 600 older people each year.

Last updated: 30/09/2023